Samstag, 21. Januar 2017

Alignment - yes or no?

I just talked about term extraction in my terminology class, and during preparation,  I was also thinking about alignment. After all, if you have multilingual reference material, for example in order to prepare for an interpretation assignment, what do you do? Right, you place them next to each other and look for vocabulary etc., in effect aligning the corresponding documents (whether on paper or on screen is a matter of personal preference).
And it just so happened, that wrote an article on the topic of alignment very recently on LinkdIn which I found quite interesting and wanted to share with you:

To align or not to align? Is that the question?

Is it still useful for a translator to use alignment tools? and to create what? A translation memory?
Since the advent of CAT tools, for most people alignment is synonymous with creating a translation memory: otherwise what would be the purpose of spending all that time matching up source and target sentences or paragraphs, if not to recycle them through a translation memory? However not only does this require ensuring that the texts to be aligned are truly parallel, one the accurate translation of the other, but also, that the results will be useful and the contents are likely to recur in new documents. This is not always the case. Furthermore, despite the advances in translation memory technology, the splitting of content into bilingual fragments, stored in a database, is frequently to the detriment of the context which is decisive for selecting the correct translation.
This is frustrating for the translator who may have to wade through numerous inappropriate 100% matches, but it is also of little use for MT purposes. It can, however, be useful for academia to illustrate to students some of the many pitfalls in transferring content from one language to another.
But if you have a large quantity of valuable translated assets how can these be made readily available to the translator in an efficient and positive manner, providing all the necessary context where it is needed, at the translation interface?
This material can be more usefully made available by creating parallel corpora, to be consulted by the translator for approved terminology as well as company style and appropriate translations, without having to have many documents open at the same time.
Are translators aware of this option? What skills and tools are most useful to help professional translator take advantage of this opportunity today?
Although there are differences between:
·       the needs of professional translators with time and economic constraints
·       academia where the creation and use of comparable and parallel corpora are now rightly considered to be an essential part of translator training
·       the needs of MT builders/providers who rely on the availability of large volumes of comparable and clean parallel corpora, such as that made available by the UN in May 2016
the recent advances in the creation and use of corpora deserve more attention, debate and testing to improve the technology solutions available.

Posted on LinkedIn by Juliet Margaret Macan Vice President at Asling - Geneva & Independent Translation tools consultant

So what do you think? Alignment? Corpora? Or something completely different?

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